Original article published at TasteAtlas
Espresso is both the name of a coffee beverage and the method of brewing coffee that originated in Italy.
Nowadays it is prepared worldwide with the espresso machine – invented in Turin in 1884 by Angelo Moriondo – by forcing a small amount of hot water under high pressure through finely ground coffee beans. The coffee used for espresso is blended from several roasts and as a result of pressurized brewing, the flavors of the beverage are very concentrated, with thick and almost syrupy texture. Consequently, espresso has more caffeine than other coffee beverages, so it is traditionally served as a shot. On top of every well-made espresso is a frothy foam with a creamy consistency, known as crema. Besides the standardized shot, espresso can also be served as doppio, ristretto, and lungo. Furthermore, it can be mixed with milk or cream, so it is a base for many other coffee drinks such as caffè latte, caffè Americano, cappuccino or caffè macchiato.